Misinterpretations of religious texts and concepts, texts taken out  of context, and related beliefs, are passed down by word of mouth and  have been used to justify domestic violence.


An example of interpretation is in the Bible, Book of Leviticus  19:16: "You shall not go up and down as a slanderer among your people  and shall stand forth against the life of your neighbor."


Misinterpreted to justify domestic violence - This can be used to silence a survivor and discourage others from intervening in a "private" problem.


Interpreted to help and encourage ending violence and abuse -  This could speak to a person who batters, forbidding emotional and  verbal abuse and the public humiliation of his/her partner, as well as  forbidding life-threatening behavior.

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